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When it comes to corporate interviews, Group Discussions are a crucial aspect of the selection process. Generally, there are two kinds of Group Discussions practiced by most institutes: Topic-based and Case Study-based. They are mostly used for selecting candidates for Supervisory/Managerial (or Officer) roles. Here, the candidates are divided into small groups, in which each group - usually with six to eight candidates - gets a subject and a time to finish the task. The presented topics are either general events or case studies. Each participant is required to give their views on the subject, while the Selectors observe the complete discussion. At the end of the process, the most straightforward candidate from the group is chosen.
Remember, a Group Discussion is the second last round in your selection process. It is usually unstructured, so not every step is planned. There are no time constraints on speaking, nor is there a fixed order for speaking. The candidates determine how the discussion plays out. The Selection Committee observes the dynamics of the group, especially monitoring who contributes the most. They also judge the knowledge of each candidate, as well as their Time Management skills; their potential Leadership skills; and their overall behaviour.
The Group Discussion helps to determine the following qualities of candidates:
The meaning of the subject to be discussed
Proper knowledge about the subject (with quality given more importance than quantity)
Proper public knowledge
Original ideas (and whether or not they can develop these ideas logically)