'Put up' can also refer to the decision to increase the price of something. You can 'put up prices', 'put up rates' or 'put up fees', for example. When you 'put up' money for something, you agree to provide a large amount of money or to finance a project. If you 'put something up', it can also mean to move something from a lower position to a higher one; so you could 'put up' an umbrella if it rains, 'put your hood up' on your coat if you are cold, or 'put valuable items up' out of reach.
If you 'put someone up', it means that you provide accommodation for them or welcome them to stay with you in your home. Likewise, if someone 'puts you up', it means they provide accommodation for you. 'Put up' can also be used to express resilience, skill or a high level of ability over time. This is where we get the expressions 'to put up a fight' and 'to put up resistance'.
Like most phrasal verbs, 'put up' is separable, so most of the time, you can put the object of your sentence between the words 'put' and 'up'.
Additional examples with 'put up' are:
You love Halloween and you especially love decorating the house at Halloween:
Do you think it is too early to put up some Halloween decorations?
You are planning an outdoor party but the weather has not been very good this month:
I think we should put a marquee up outside, in case it rains.
You have decided to travel because your aunt has offered you free accommodation:
My aunt offered to put me up in her apartment by the sea if I ever visited Croatia.