Expressions used in Everyday Spoken English in Social and Professional contexts


1) assume something to be true in advance
  • How to MemorizePopularity MediumProfessional LowSocial
    • presuppose something to be true
  • Analysis

    If you 'suppose' something, it means you think or assume that it is true or probable without any real knowledge. To 'presuppose' means to suppose something beforehand. This can mean to take something for granted or to assume a fact: "Your suggestion presupposes we have a large budget for this." It also means to request something as a necessary condition for something else to happen: "If we presuppose that all of the doctors have access to material with which to wash their hands, we can expect cross-infection to decrease by 25% using this method." This is a very formal expression usually used to talk about research, philosophical discussion, or in professional business contexts.

  • Social Examples (Advance)
    1. It's very easy to presuppose something to be true, but as a journalist, you should always get your facts straight before submitting an article.
    2. The problem with the third book in the series is that it presupposes everyone reading it has read the first two. I hadn't, so I had no idea what was going on!
  • Professional Examples (Basic)
    1. By saying that John deliberately missed the meeting, you are presupposing that he got the memo telling him to be in attendance. Perhaps he simply didn't know?
  • Further Suggestions
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