1. reduce sth to its constituent parts in order to interpret it
deconstruct a text/myth
To 'deconstruct' something means to take it apart and examine it in order to assess or understand it. This is a verb particularly used to talk about the written word or literature to say that certain parts of what is written can be interpreted in different ways. You can deconstruct an argument to examine how the different parts of it work or hold up to scrutiny. "I am here today to deconstruct the myth that women are earning the same as men." This is a verb more likely to be used in a political or academic environment.