by virtue of

Meaning(s)

1. as a result of someone/something

Popularity

Medium

Professional

Medium

Social

Check Icon How to Memorize

by virtue of hard work/age/initiative

Check Icon Analysis

A ‘virtue’ is a formal word for a positive quality in a person. If something happens ‘by virtue of’ something it means it happens because of it: “By virtue of his experience, David was awarded a managerial role.” This is a formal phrase used more often in professional contexts or written English. Similar phrases include ‘as a result of’ or ‘due to.’

Check Icon Social Examples (Advance)

  1. David and his friends were excluded from voting in the election by virtue of their age. They were all under 16 years old.
  2. By virtue of the power invested in me by the state, I hereby sentence you to 10 years in prison.

Check Icon Professional Examples (Basic)

  1. By virtue of her consistent hard work and dedication, Anne's boss decided to give her a promotion. It was well deserved!
  2. I'd like to present you with this award by virtue of your commitment to this field of study for the past fifteen years.

Related Links