limit or prevent freedom of action
trammel - limit
The formal word ‘trammel’ is used to describe something that hamstrings or hinders somebody from doing something. It implies an entangling or confining form of restraint that is difficult to resist and escape from. Often used in association with the impeding or disregarding of rights or liberties.
A growing number of people believe that the draconian lockdown laws trammel our fundamental liberties as citizens.
The new regulations implemented by the CEO trammelled the rights of workers within the company to unionize.
That country is run in a very dictatorial and repressive way, so I felt I had to leave to escape its trammels.