perfunctory | perfunctorily

Exam frequency

GRE

high

Banks

high

Civil Services

high

Meaning(s)

done without care or interest

Check Icon How to Memorize

perfunctory - casual

Check Icon Analysis

Something ‘perfunctory’ is done as part of a duty or routine rather than out of genuine feeling, interest, or enthusiasm. Such actions are therefore regarded as mechanical and superficial. The word is often used in a negative context, but it can also frequently be neutral. For example, many of our everyday greetings or basic interactions with others are perfunctory, such as saying ‘how are you?’.

ExamsSpokenOther
Synonyms careless
Antonyms diligent,thorough

Check Icon Example(s)

  1. The applause for the boss’s speech was only perfunctory. Nobody really cared about what she was saying.

  2. I asked David to review my report before I submitted it, but he only looked through it perfunctorily, which wasn’t at all helpful.

  3. The witness was not being very cooperative. His answers to my questioning were perfunctory at best.

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