Advanced and Proficiency Vocabulary for Exams(e.g.GRE, Banks, Civil Services, SAT / LSAT). For IELTS/TOEFL, and everyday spoken vocabulary, go to our Spoken Vocabulary Database.


second last in a series of things
  • How to Memorize
    • penultimate - next-to-last
  • Analysis

    ‘Penultimate’ comes from the Latin word meaning ‘almost last’. More specifically, we use it as a chronological term to refer to something that is next-to-last in a sequence. As it is quite formal, it is not used that often in everyday conversation, but is common in written English, particularly print media.

  • Exam DBSpoken DBOther
    Synonymssecond-to-last, intermediate, last-but-one,
    Antonymsdenouementfinale, foremost,
  • Example(s)
    1. Don’t worry, this is only the penultimate class of the year so you still have one more chance next week to submit your assignment.

    2. I thought that the penultimate episode of the series was disappointing, but the finale was superb.

    3. We arranged a meeting for the penultimate week in March as both our schedules are already full for the other 3 weeks of the month.