Advanced and Proficiency Vocabulary for Exams(e.g.GRE, Banks, Civil Services, SAT / LSAT). For IELTS/TOEFL, and everyday spoken vocabulary, go to our Spoken Vocabulary Database.
The term ‘chasm’ can be used in both a literal and figurative way. Literally, it describes a very deep and dangerous split or crack in the earth, like that caused by an earthquake. Figuratively, it can be used to express a large division or difference between two or more people, groups, or things. A common mistake that even native English speakers often make with this word is in pronunciation. Despite how it is spelt, it is pronounced ‘ca-zum’.
There is a vast economic chasm between the rich and the poor in that country which has led to great social unrest.
The earthquake opened up a chasm a mile long which led to authorities having to close off the area for public safety.
My marriage is in a really bad place at the moment. It feels as if there is a chasm between my wife and me.